Sexual transmitted diseases (STDs) or it also called sexually transmitted infection (STI), they are infections that are passed from one person to another during vaginal, anal, and oral sex. They’re really common, and lots of people who have them don’t have any symptoms. STDs can be dangerous, but the good news is that getting tested is no big deal, and most STDs are easy to treat. There are many kinds of STDs include: Gonorrhea, Chlamydia, Herpes simplex, Syphilis, human papilloma virus (HPV), Scabies, Pubic lice, Trichomoniasis, Molluscum contagiosum…
Some cases we don’t know how and when we get them or who is transmitted these germs for us. Don’t be subjective that your partner doesn’t have any STD symptom, so you don’t need use any method to protect yourself, because STI symptoms aren’t always obvious from no signs or symptoms (asymptomatic) to very clear symptoms. Even with no symptoms, however, you can pass the infection to your sex partners. So it’s important to use protection, such as a condom, during sex. And visit your doctor regularly for STI screening, so you can identify and treat an infection before you can pass it on.
If you think you have STI symptoms or have been exposed to an STI, see a doctor. Some STIs are easy to treat and cure; others require more-complicated treatment to manage them. It’s essential to be evaluated, and — if diagnosed with an STI — get treated. It’s also essential to inform your partner or partners so that they can be evaluated and treated.
The symptom of STD/STI diseases.
STIs often have no signs or symptoms (asymptomatic). Even with no symptoms, however, you can pass the infection to your sex partners. The others have symptoms which arise after having unprotected sex between 2 days – 9 months depend on each kind of infection for example: Neisseria gonorrhea around 2 days – 20 days, HPV some weeks to 9 months.
The manifests are listed in the table.
|Discharge from the penis, urethra
Pain when passing urine
Itch in the penis tube (Urethra),
Rash on genital skin
Pain/discomfort in the scrotum, penis, low abdomen…
Itching, ulcers, blisters, lumps papules in/around genital areas, the pubic and/or anal region.
|Abnormal or smelly discharge from the vagina
Abnormal bleeding especially bleeding between periods or after sex.
Pain when passing urine, intercourse
Itching in and around the vagina
Ulcers, blisters, lumps, papules in/around genital area and the pubic and/or anal region
If you suspect you have these or other STIs or that you may have been exposed to one, see your doctor for testing. Timely diagnosis and treatment are important to avoid or delay more-severe, potentially life-threatening health problems and to avoid infecting others.
Treatment of STD/STI
Conditions and treatment
|Gonorrhea at (Urethral, Vaginal, Cervix, Throat, Anal, Rectal)||Discharge/Staining test, PCR test||Special antibiotic, recommend for injection medicines|
|Chlamydia (Urethral, Vaginal, Cervix, Testis, Throat, Anal, Rectal, Eye)||Discharge, urine sample/PCR test, serological test and quick tests||Tablets|
|Syphilis (Primary, Secondary, Tertiary)||Discharge, blood/Staining and serotype tests||Specific injection medicine and tablets|
|NSU (Non-Specific Urethritis)||Urine/ Multi PCR||Tablets|
|Herpes Simplex Virus||Blood/Serological and PCR tests||Anti-viral medicines (tablets and/or cream)|
|Bacterial Vaginosis (BV)|
|Candidiasis||Discharge/Staining and PCR test||Tablet and/or cream|
|Trichomoniasis||Discharge, urine/Staining and PCR test||Tablet|
|Crabs/Pubic lice||Clinical examine||Lotion|
|HPV Warts (Genital, Peri-Anal)||Wart/ DNA swab tests||Cream, freezing, electrocautery. Surgery, laser, vaccinations|
|Molluscum||PCR test||Freezing, electrocautery. Surgery, laser|
|NGU||Urine, discharge/Multi PCR test||Tablets|
|Hepatitis virus||Blood/Serological tests||Tablets, vaccination|
Our clinic provides a comprehensive range of STD/STI Treatments. All treatments are conducted by fully certified and specially trained doctors in Viet Nam and/or specialty associations.
We use gold standard treatments in accordance to latest international standards and guidelines.
By Dr Nguyen Ba Hung
Andrology and Fertility Hospital of Hanoi
? (+84) 1900 56 56 01
➡ 431 Tam Trinh Street, Hoang Mai District, Hanoi, Vietnam.